Advantages of Automatic Cars

Many Americans rely on their car as their main mode of transportation, and automatic cars offer greater ease in terms of shifting gears less frequently.

Park locks the transmission to prevent the wheels from turning, similar to how a manual clutch works in an automobile, while neutral serves to stop your car from rolling away after stopping at signals or traffic signals.

Easier to drive.

Comparative to manual cars, automatics are far simpler to drive. Their increased handling capability in stop-start traffic makes them an excellent choice in hilly regions since you no longer need to constantly press down on the clutch.

Reduced driving distractions allow the driver to concentrate more fully on what lies ahead, making for safer driving experiences overall. While automatic cars may seem less fuel-efficient than their manual counterparts, due to requiring more power for operation, recent advancements in transmission technology are narrowing this gap considerably.

Many drivers with manual licenses still buy and rent automatic vehicles; even race drivers who prefer them as they allow for greater control over gearshifting themselves. But for drivers looking for maximum control of their vehicle, manual driving remains the way forward.

Easier in heavy traffic.

Many people choose automatic cars because they make driving less stressful in heavy traffic, with no gearshifts to worry about – just accelerate! Additionally, modern eco-focused automatics often deliver greater fuel economy than manual models.

Purists or automobile enthusiasts might prefer driving a manual car in order to have full control of its power output, as opposed to an automatic car, which may feel less thrilling or exciting to drive.

Hands-free steering makes these vehicles more accessible for those with hip, knee, ankle or foot injuries; amputees; or those recovering from stroke. Even automatic cars can be modified so the accelerator is on the left-hand side – suitable for people using one leg only – this option being made available on select newer models.

Easier to use cruise control.

Manual car drivers know the difficulty of shifting gears can be an eye-sore and become distracted from the road ahead. With an automatic car, however, only one pedal needs to be managed so focusing on driving becomes much simpler and you can simply focus on enjoying your journey ahead.

Cruise control can be an excellent addition to highway driving, as it helps maintain vehicle speed without driver intervention. However, using it on slippery or busy roads may prove hazardous; furthermore it should not be used when traveling along winding roads.

Modern cars often include an advanced cruise control system capable of automatically adjusting your speed depending on that of the car ahead. It can even adjust itself by slowing or speeding up to maintain a safe distance between you and the one ahead. This feature, known as Adaptive Cruise Control or ACC, may take time for drivers to become acquainted with.

Easier to park.

Parallel parking can be one of the most challenging experiences for new drivers, while even experienced ones often feel stressed while trying to do this maneuver in front of onlookers. An automatic car with only one pedal makes this task considerably less daunting and stressful.

Automatic transmission gears resemble manual car gears in terms of their operations: Park (P), Reverse (R), Neutral (N), and Drive (D). When you select Park, a parking pawl lowered onto the output shaft prevents it from rotating, keeping your car stationary and keeping from moving away from you.

If your transmission accidentally selects Park and won’t shift out of this position, many cars provide a way to bypass its shift lock so you can drive away instead of being towed away. Typically this involves opening a small door near the shifter that can be pryed open with a screwdriver or key.

The Most Popular Car Models of the Year for 2023

The ten most popular cars occupy almost one-fifth of the road. And though many of the models slid a bit in 2023 as supply chain issues continued to affect dealer inventories, most are still incredibly appealing choices.

A strong showing for mainstream brands like Subaru and Mazda is a sign that you don’t need to spend big bucks to get a safe, reliable, well-rounded vehicle.

1. Honda Accord

Amid the SUV onslaught, the Honda Accord remains one of the most popular sedan models out there. It’s a well-rounded car with great value, space, comfort and equipment. A fresh redesign for 2023 makes it more attractive to look at and a little nicer inside. Its infotainment system is easy to use, and it’s even better with Google Assistant, which can let you control functions with natural speech.

This model has the best curb appeal in its class, and it’s roomy enough for families while offering great fuel economy. Its 252 hp turbocharged four-cylinder engine offers confidence-inspiring acceleration, and its available adaptive suspension automatically adjusts every two milliseconds for a smooth ride. It also carries a wide variety of equipment options and has a spacious rear seat.

2. Honda Civic

The Honda Civic continues to dominate the compact-car segment with its great design, value, fuel economy, high resale values, and superb driving dynamics. While the performance-oriented Civic Si and Civic Type R add a dose of fun, the standard sedan and hatchback also deliver plenty of enjoyment for less-demanding drivers.

The 2024 Civic also sets itself apart with a quiet, spacious cabin, lots of safety equipment, and a wide range of standard features that rivals often charge for. Its rear seat legroom is among the best in the class, and it offers more storage space than the Toyota Corolla or Nissan Sentra. This latest Civic also delivers a smooth ride that isolates well over broken pavement. However, choppy road noise intrudes at higher speeds.

3. Mazda CX-5

The 2023 Mazda CX-5 is a top-ranked crossover SUV that delivers a rewarding driving experience and a comfortable, luxurious cabin. It also has an attractive exterior design and a robust set of standard features, including forward collision warning and mitigation, blind-spot monitoring, and lane keep assist. The interior is mature in style and not swathed in poorly rendered fake wood or overly reflective chrome trim, and the rear seats offer plenty of headroom and legroom.

Powered by a 187-horsepower four-cylinder engine, the CX-5 accelerates from a stop to 60 mph in about eight seconds and gets excellent fuel economy ratings for its class. It’s a good choice for singles, couples, and small families who want to commute or run errands in comfort. However, the CX-5 lacks the cargo room found in rivals, making the Kia Sportage and Toyota RAV4 better options for families.

4. Subaru Crosstrek

Subaru tweaked the Impreza hatchback with more ground clearance, rugged exterior trim and a more powerful all-wheel drive system to create the Crosstrek. It remains the best choice for those who want a maneuverable, compact SUV that can handle winter weather and weekend camping trips.

The Crosstrek’s 2.0-liter flat-four engine has 152 horsepower and 145 pound-feet of torque. It’s mated to a continuously variable transmission and gets up to 29 mpg combined.

Higher-end Crosstrek models get a 2.5-liter four-cylinder with 182 horsepower. While it’s still not fast enough to drag race your neighbor’s Honda HR-V, it’s plenty nimble for everyday driving and surprisingly fuel efficient at up to 34 mpg combined. It also benefits from the Subaru’s proven engineering behind Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive, which has proved durable in decades of owner tests.

5. Hyundai Tucson

Hyundai’s daring exterior design positions the Tucson for fame, but its dull cabin dims its shine. Still, it has the best passenger and cargo space of its competitors.

It’s easy to get comfortable in the Tucson. Its front seats are manually-adjustable and supportive, while its rear seat has enough room for three adults.

The Tucson is packed with tech features, too. Every model comes with automatic emergency braking, blind-spot monitoring, rear cross-traffic alert, lane keep assist, and a driver inattention warning system. N Line models add steering wheel haptic feedback and a surround-view camera system, while Limited trims offer lane centering and remote smart parking assist.

Its only real limitation is a slightly firm ride around town that struggles to smooth out big dips and ridges, but it’s better than the crashy ride found in some SUVs.

Highlight the Essential Accessories That Every Motorcyclist Should Have

Embarking on long motorcycle rides becomes easier with a variety of accessories that prioritize rider safety. From riding gloves to GPS navigation systems, these accessories enhance rider comfort and safety.

Motorcycles take up less of a driver’s field of vision, making them easy to miss in blind spots. Shield yourself from accidents by installing a windshield that matches your bike and height preference.

1. Helmet

A helmet is the most important piece of equipment that every motorcyclist should wear. It protects against severe and life-threatening head injuries.

Each type of helmet is designed to protect against the type of impact common to its activity or sport. Make sure your helmet fits correctly. It should be snug but not uncomfortable. It should sit evenly on your head (not tilted back or pulled low over your forehead). It shouldn’t move side-to-side or front to back.

Even if your helmet looks fine, it may have suffered damage in a crash that you weren’t aware of. It is a good idea to replace it periodically.

2. Mirrors

Mirrors provide a panoramic view of the road, helping riders assess their surroundings and make informed decisions. They also play an important role during traffic congestion or when lane splitting, as they help motorists determine how much space they have to safely fit between vehicles.

The importance of these small accessories cannot be overstated. In the absence of them, riders would have to constantly turn their heads and risk losing balance in the process. This can easily lead to accidents, especially at high speeds.

Mirrors are mounted either to the handlebars or the front fairing. The ideal ones are adjustable, allowing you to see the entire lane behind you without having to strain your neck.

3. Tools

While motorcycles are far safer and more reliable than ever before, there’s still a long list of things that can go wrong. Having a well-stocked tool kit to fix things quickly on the road can be an absolute lifesaver.

A good set of screwdrivers – get one with changeable bits, plus a few different sizes of Allen keys (recessed ones are best for recessed bolts). Also a pair of pliers that can hold, tighten, straighten and cut wires.

A can of cable lube – this might seem odd to include, but it’s worth having to keep the clutch cables in tip-top condition. You can spritz it into the end of each cable to keep it running smoothly.

4. Phone Mount

A phone mount is a must for any rider looking to keep their hands on the handlebars. A phone mounted to your bike can provide turn-by-turn directions and notify you of incoming calls and text messages.

A quality mount will also help protect your smartphone from vibration damage. The vibrations created by a moving motorcycle can cause damage to the internal components of your phone, particularly the camera.

RAM mounts is one of the first companies to make a phone mount that real riders can trust. Their spring-loaded X-Grip cradle expands and contracts to securely hold any device. It comes with a variety of mounts for your handlebars, fork stem, or mirror stem and includes a tether to prevent accidental removal.

5. Bluetooth Headsets

A Bluetooth helmet headset will make your ride a lot more fun and safer. It will let you communicate with other riders and listen to music without having to take your hands off the handlebars.

You can also use these helmet communicators for a variety of other purposes such as commuting or hiking. The best ones offer a daisy chain method for rider-to-rider communication and a dynamic mesh grid for 15-20 riders to effectively talk over long stretches of road.

For the best value, get a helmet with integrated Bluetooth headset like the Sena Stryker. It will save you the expense of buying a separate helmet and add-on communications unit.

6. Riding Gloves

Aside from mitigating hand numbness and sweat, gloves improve the grip on the handlebar, thus, making riding more comfortable. Gloves also protect riders from road, track, or trail hazards that might cause injury to their hands.

When a rider falls, it’s instinctual to put out their hands to break the fall and protect more important parts of their body. However, a rider’s skin is vulnerable to these unexpected impacts.

The attorneys of Johnson and Gilbert want all motorcyclists to be as safe as possible when they hit the road. Riding gloves are one of the most important safety features to consider when buying a new motorcycle.

The Role of Blockchain in Automotive Supply Chain Management

The automotive industry has a highly distributed supply chain. A hiccup at one of the many supplier tiers can bring production to a halt.

Blockchain technology can track data in an irrevocable record that’s safe from tampering. It’s used for cryptocurrencies but can also help with legal contracts, property sales and more.

Smart Contracts

Blockchains can automate transactions and streamline the record-keeping process. This is because they eliminate intermediaries and guarantors from the chain of transaction, which reduces risk and costs for both sides. It also allows for better visibility into the status of a shipment and reduces delays.

The immutability of the blockchain network prevents any corruption or modification of the data. The verification of a block is accomplished by thousands of computers and devices, reducing the possibility of human error. Additionally, any computer that tries to modify the data in the blockchain network will be blocked by other computers from entering it, resulting in a tamper-proof and accurate transaction record.

Using smart contracts on a blockchain can help close the procure-to-pay gap and increase efficiency in the supply chain. This would allow sellers to be paid immediately, and buyers to lower their account payable expenses. The technology could also reduce dunning and collection costs, as well as minimize working capital requirements for both parties.

Smart Contrast

The blockchain system enables the secure and immutable storage of automobile records. It prevents records from being tampered with or hacked as it is accessible to only certain people with specific privileges and rights. The blockchain network also has the ability to trace tampering attempts by a node using a consensus algorithm. This helps to improve the security of the data stored on a blockchain network and reduce the risk of hacking or tampering in the automotive supply chain (Ayvaz & Cetin, 2019).

The blockchain system’s transparency features allow consumers to easily verify vehicle history and sources. It can also save companies money by simplifying and organizing financial transactions and order placements. Its documentation and traceability features also help manufacturers maximize their production capacity. Additionally, the blockchain system can reduce costs in departments such as auditing and reducing the need for manual work. It also ensures the integrity of the supply chain by allowing insurance companies to examine vehicle history.

Real-Time Identification

The automotive industry relies on a steady stream of incoming and outgoing materials. From the smallest components to the large-scale vehicles that roll out of factories, every part needs to be delivered on time and in the right condition. If one delivery is delayed, the whole chain experiences a disruption that threatens production and ultimately profits.

Carmakers use just-in-time manufacturing to avoid overstocking. They order materials to arrive at the factory as needed, eliminating the need for large storage facilities and cutting costs. However, this also requires a reliable supply network to keep up with demand and provide a flexible logistics solution when sudden challenges arise.

While technology has improved tracking of parts and materials, it’s impossible to make the automotive supply chain completely immune to all risks. Instead, smart companies are embracing pragmatism and agility. The best way to do this is by leveraging autonomous logistics systems that are capable of prioritizing orders and rerouting deliveries when necessary.


A lack of visibility has a ripple effect throughout an automotive supply chain. For example, when COVID-19-induced manufacturing disruptions shrank one car company’s end product inventory buffer to less than half its normal level, some customers rushed purchases so they could lock in their desired models before they ran out; the reduced supply (along with inflation) ultimately pushed prices up, but the higher price wasn’t enough to deter them from making their purchase.

For automakers, this translates to increased efficiency and resilience, as digitized business documents enable full supply interactions in real time and reduce the likelihood of unmanageable delays just days or moments before vehicles are set to launch. Moreover, transparency can help them avoid costly overproduction that can lead to unnecessary inventory build and lower sales.

BMW, Mercedes-Benz and Volkswagen have joined forces to establish a new joint venture platform called Cofinity-X that offers products and services to connect carmakers with their suppliers. These include applications for carbon monitoring, ethical sourcing and traceability, supply chain resilience and partner data management.

Exploring the World of Hypercars

Hypercars have always captured the imagination of car enthusiasts worldwide. These ultimate machines feature exquisite design, exotic materials and incredible speeds.

Hypercars can be hard to define, yet common indicators include top speeds exceeding 200 miles per hour, an abundance of horsepower and rarity.

1. Exquisite Craftsmanship and Customisation

Hypercars are designed with every detail crafted out of premium materials for maximum impact, from hand-selected leather interiors to carbon fibre frames crafted by master craftspeople – everything about them stands out from the crowd. From their exquisite leather interiors and carbon fibre frames, to the exquisite paint finishes used on these vehicles – every aspect stands out. Their stunning designs cut through air effortlessly for optimal performance while simultaneously reducing drag. They even boast exotic paint finishes for an impressive appearance!

Hypercars are breathtaking to look at and deliver an exhilarating driving experience unlike any other car on the road. Their opulence draws admiration from both car enthusiasts and collectors.

Hypercars offer the ultimate thrill and demonstrate automotive engineering at its best, so if you want an unforgettable driving experience or simply wish to witness groundbreaking engineering first-hand then a hypercar may be just what you need. But before purchasing one of these spectacular machines here are a few important facts about them that you should keep in mind.

Hypercars are designed for speed, and that means being extremely powerful. Many of them boast more than one thousand horsepower and provide astonishing acceleration. Furthermore, these cars often combine aesthetics and performance into one unique design, not to mention being priced accordingly as many can cost millions.

2. Electrification

Hypercars are no laughing matter, boasting top speeds that dwarf sports cars and lap times to rival GT racing cars. Driving them requires both immense wealth and skill – just ask Rowan Atkinson who crashed his McLaren F1 twice! Swedish automaker Koenigsegg boasts one such hypercar: their 1,500 horsepower Regera which can accelerate to 60 miles per hour from zero in just 2.4 seconds!

Hypercars provide a glimpse into the future of automotive technology. Electric vehicle sales are growing quickly, as battery performance improves and charging infrastructure expands; electric vehicles are expected to account for 15% of passenger vehicle sales by 2035 – in addition, electricity can replace fossil fuels used in industrial production processes to help lower greenhouse gas emissions.

Electricity has also proven itself indispensable in building and heating energy needs, where advanced technologies such as heat pumps and renewables enable better performance at reduced costs – leading to reduced fossil fuel consumption while simultaneously providing opportunities for prosumers to sell surplus power back into the grid.

3. Extreme Performance

Hypercars represent the top tier of performance vehicles, both supercars and hypercars alike. Hypercars take performance to new extremes by exceeding supercars’ capabilities with power-to-weight ratios that rival jet fighters and staggering speeds that make their four-door coupe counterparts appear like jet fighters on the road today. Carbon fiber fantasies from Koenigsegg push these limits further still with extravagant power-to-weight ratios that rival jet fighters; such carbon fever dreams look more like jet fighter than four door coupe.

These exotic machines often utilize hybrid or electric powertrains and aerodynamic designs inspired by Formula 1 racing, producing up to 1,000bhp or more and reaching 60mph in under three seconds.

Hypercars have long been considered status symbols. Even major carmakers struggle to meet demand quickly enough, meaning hypercars often sell pre-launch for exorbitant prices.

Hypercars offer an exhilarating driving experience, but their ownership and maintenance can be prohibitively costly. Aside from their sky-high price tags, ownership comes with additional expenses like increased insurance premiums and fuel costs as well as longer servicing time due to advanced engineering and unique design features.

4. Extreme Prices

Hypercar is the term given to luxury sports cars which are unattainable for most people and often considered toys for the wealthy – whether used personally or as an asset to increase balance sheet ratio. Manufacturers compete fiercely over limited customer accounts for such highly efficient, extreme-performance models.

Hypercars represent the pinnacle of automotive engineering and design. Constructed from exotic materials to keep weight down while featuring aerodynamic designs for maximum impact, owners of hypercars can take great pride in owning such vehicles that represent automotive excellence.

These vehicles provide the ultimate thrill ride, boasting acceleration times that can hit zero to 60 in less than three seconds and top speeds exceeding 230 miles per hour – fast enough to rival even dedicated racecars in terms of performance!

Hypercars may seem excessive and unnecessary to some, but they could actually play a vital role in creating a sustainable transportation future. If auto manufacturers adopt these technologies and use less iron and steel while cutting carbon footprints significantly, energy independence could increase and potentially deny funding to oppressive regimes that depend on oil revenue for survival.

Sustainable Fuels: Beyond Gasoline and Electricity

Sustainable fuels such as biofuels, hydrogen and natural gas have an integral part to play in supporting longer journeys. But their production must not compete with food production or cause environmental degradation such as deforestation.

Coal does not meet either of these criteria: it’s finite and releases carbon dioxide emissions.


Biofuels are made from biological sources and emit less greenhouse gas when burned than traditional fossil fuels, being renewable as well. Ethanol was one of the early biofuels, produced from corn and other grains for use in cars or blended into gasoline to lower emissions.

Producing biomass fuels may have significant environmental repercussions. If biofuel crops compete with food for land, this can result in land use changes leading to deforestation and biodiversity loss – this being especially prevalent with first generation biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel.

Newer biofuel research seeks to mitigate these adverse impacts. For instance, scientists are creating fourth-generation biofuels using algae and other plants to capture CO2 from the atmosphere and convert it directly into sustainable fuel without needing land clearing or traditional farming techniques – these biofuels can help meet regulatory GHG reduction targets for cars, trucks and aircraft if used appropriately – therefore it’s crucial that proper decisions are made when selecting which biofuels to use.


Hydrogen fuel differs from hydrocarbon fuels by producing only water (H2O) and heat upon combustion, meaning it can serve as an ideal replacement fuel in vehicles and other industrial processes.

City dwellers seeking clean hydrogen fuel can now gain access to affordable and safe hydrogen generated through steam reforming natural gas or from alternative sources – including captured carbon and waste gases from industry – for use as “drop-in” fuel to lower lifecycle CO2 emissions by up to 80%.

Governments at national, regional and city levels require long-term strategies in order to scale up hydrogen, while companies must invest in technology and form networks. International cooperation and harmonized standards regarding equipment safety testing will play a vital role in bringing costs down while increasing performance – essential components in unlocking its market potential and unlocking its versatility as an energy carrier over long distances. It could provide renewables with much-needed buffered availability as it transports energy efficiently over vast distances.


Fossil fuel-powered electricity plants are the single greatest contributor to climate change in the United States, so to reduce carbon emissions they must be replaced with cleaner, renewable solutions with zero-emissions outputs.

Liquid transportation fuels produced from biomass and coal using thermochemical conversion can play an integral role in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions; however, to meet regulatory GHG reduction targets they must come from non-biofuel sources as well.

The e-fuel industry is banking on electric vehicle sales to boost demand for their products; however, technology does not yet exist at scale to make e-fuels an effective replacement for gasoline and diesel cars.

Aviation currently uses kerosene fuel, but new sustainable aviation fuels (SAFs) could significantly lower aviation’s net carbon dioxide emissions. SAF development is underway and several airlines have committed to purchasing them in the future. ICAO has also established the 2050 Vision for SAFs which includes an aim of attaining greater than 100% lifecycle GHG emission reduction from SAFs by 2050.

Natural Gas

Natural gas is one of the cleanest-burning fossil fuels, being virtually odorless and colorless as well as composed of simple hydrocarbon molecules. When burned, natural gas releases only carbon dioxide and water vapor as emissions. By contrast, coal and oil release harmful elements like nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide when burned.

Scientists are researching ways to use natural gas as fuel for vehicles using fuel cells, an innovative process which converts hydrogen to electrical energy through electrochemical reactions without producing harmful emissions or particles when producing power; plus they require no additional fuel sources for operation.

Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) is an alternative jet fuel that reduces greenhouse-gas emissions by up to 80% compared to traditional jet fuel, and BETO-funded researchers are creating innovative pathways from renewable and waste feedstocks in order to meet stringent fuel specifications while being compatible with current aircraft and infrastructure.

Exploring the Latest Innovations in Car Safety Technology

Coming up are exciting new technologies to keep drivers safe on the roads, but with so many names for these features it can be confusing as to their purpose and operation.

Ford and Honda (including Acura and Lincoln luxury brands ) have announced an agreement to equip all 2021 vehicles with forward collision warning systems that use cameras, radar, and LiDAR technology to warn drivers about potential dangers.

Blind Spot Monitoring

Blind spot monitoring (BSM) employs sensors located around your vehicle to detect vehicles not easily visible through your side mirrors. Some systems also incorporate cameras for this purpose and work in tandem with rear cross-traffic alert (RCTA) systems.

Before changing lanes, always double-check your surroundings before changing lanes. However, this technology can help minimize accidents by alerting you when another car has entered your blind spot and invading it. Some systems even provide audible and/or tactile warnings like vibrating your steering wheel to alert drivers further.

As well as helping to prevent lane-change accidents, BSM also prevents crashes into parked cars and stationary objects – no doubt one of the many reasons drivers love this feature! Furthermore, studies conducted recently demonstrated that cars equipped with BSM experience 23% fewer injuries related to lane-changes compared with those without BSM; that’s significant!

Rear Cross-Traffic Warning

Rear Cross-Traffic Warning can assist drivers in avoiding rear-end collisions while backing out of parking spaces. Using sensors to detect approaching vehicles or objects and warn the driver with visual and audible warnings, this technology also includes automatic brakes if an object comes too quickly into contact.

This safety feature offers increased comfort and convenience by aiding drivers when exiting parking spaces without worrying about surrounding traffic. However, its effectiveness may depend on whether your vehicle is perpendicular to the street; otherwise it may not work effectively in all circumstances.

Some systems use cameras to provide a wide-angle view of their vehicle’s surroundings, while other models rely on radar sensors to monitor both sides of the car, or combine both features into a 360-degree surround camera system for maximum visibility. Wireless systems transmit their signal directly into the cockpit display for easy setup and operation.

Lane Departure Warning

A lane departure warning system alerts you if your car starts veering from its travel lane, and thus lowers the likelihood of head-on collisions or accidents caused by such drift.

An onboard camera on a vehicle continuously detects striped and solid lane markers on streets, roads and highways. If it detects that you unintentionally cross one, an alert may appear on either your dashboard or steering wheel (some systems also offer vibration feedback to alert).

Some cars even feature more advanced versions of this technology known as Lane Keeping Assist or Lane Centering Assist which is intended to guide the vehicle back into its lane when drifting out of it. However, this feature only works on straight roads, and requires your turn signal be turned on before functioning properly.

Forward Collision Warning

Forward collision warning uses sensors to scan the road and detect vehicles in front of you. If you follow too closely or need to brake quickly, visual and audible warnings will alert you with visuals or audible sounds to indicate this situation; failing that, your vehicle will automatically apply brakes if no response has been given – depending on features like this system also tighten seat belts, lower rear headrests, raise folded side door windows or close sunroofs depending on which feature has been enabled.

Forward collision warning features help prevent front-to-rear crashes – the most frequent type of auto accident in the US – but it’s essential that you read your owner’s manual to learn how to deactivate or disable it, as certain conditions could render it less effective. It’s also important to remember that forward collision warning shouldn’t replace attentive driving; always stay aware of where you are on Arlington roads while keeping a safe driving distance between vehicles in front of you.

Autonomous Braking

Autonomous emergency braking systems use sensors to sense obstacles in your path and automatically apply brakes to reduce speed or bring the car to a stop, or detect pedestrians, cyclists or large animals to help prevent collisions. Some advanced systems even operate at highway speeds while letting drivers take their hands off the wheel – like Tesla’s Autopilot system, Cadillac Super Cruise or Ford AutoCruise systems.

Forward Collision Warning (FCW) systems work hand in hand with autonomous braking systems to keep drivers out of harm’s way. FCW utilizes cameras, radar, lasers and sensors to scan the road ahead and warn drivers if they get too close to vehicles in front. When FCW alerts a driver that their distance has increased too closely with another vehicle in front, autonomous braking will immediately apply brakes if they do not act quickly enough to avoid collision.

These systems should help prevent rear-end crashes while simultaneously decreasing deaths and injuries from side-impact and front-end collisions, earning extra credit in our Overall Score calculation for cars that include autonomous emergency braking systems that can work at highway speeds while also detecting pedestrians.

Electronic Stability Control

ESC technology has revolutionized driving by making driving safer by decreasing the likelihood of losing control. It works by sensing wheel slip and intervening to help prevent an imminent spin out, plow out or skid.

Depending on the car, this system may activate brakes at one or more wheels, reduce engine power or both. Additionally, it utilizes steering angle sensors and yaw rate sensors to determine where a driver intends to travel before comparing that path of travel with what actually transpires.

ESC can also be combined with traction control systems, which utilize similar wheel speed sensors as ESC to prevent wheel spin and loss of traction by varying throttle output. While ESC makes driving simpler, it may cause unnecessary interference during aggressive cornering on closed courses – therefore it may be best to disable its feature when used for competition or track day driving.

The Impact of Ride-Sharing Services on Urban Mobility and Traffic

Studies conducted using app-based ridesharing suggest it can reduce road congestion and carbon emissions in urban areas, complement public transport services, and be used as the first and last miles of journeys.

However, ride-hailing services remain controversial when it comes to their effects on traffic congestion, partly because rebound effects nullify any savings in CO2 emissions that are expected from them.

Road Congestion

Ridesharing services have long been debated as to their impact on traffic congestion. Some studies indicate an increase in congestion while other show no impact or even potential benefits, reflecting different research designs and methodologies that produce inconsistent results.

Space, time of day/week differences, and choice of congestion measurement metrics could all play an impactful role in distorting results. A study by Rayle et al. [Reference Rayle Dai Chan Cervero and Shaheen 31] is one example. They conducted intercept surveys which only captured TNC passenger trips – and not taxi or other types – thus missing most ridesharing trips altogether.

Unaccountable results could also be attributable to studies considering only single-occupant private hire vehicles and failing to take into account trip chaining, sharing and deadheading (i.e. passengers taking ridesharing services between home and work or vice versa). TNC trips’ negative effect on public transit (which tends to be less congested) may negate congestion mitigation benefits provided by ridesharing.

Public Transport Ridership

Some studies indicate that ride-hailing services contribute to traffic congestion. Although increased private hire vehicle usage is one factor, it cannot explain all of the increased congestion seen in cities like London. Furthermore, most before-and-after studies fail to take into account other important aspects such as population growth, substitution of personal car usage with ride-hailing, deadheading etc.

These studies overlook rebound effects that could counteract or negate any traffic congestion mitigation achieved through shared rides, as evidenced by one from New York City showing that most e-hailed trips shifted away from yellow taxis were not shared and thus did not contribute to decreased congestion levels.

Spatial variations among urban areas where ride-hailing services operate could also have an immense effect on their congestion impacts, as a strong network effect in a major city may quickly cause its market share to grow beyond initial expectations.

Private Vehicle Ownership

As ridesharing services gain in popularity, some studies have speculated that they contribute to traffic congestion. Unfortunately, such studies often lack comprehensive consideration of factors which could potentially influence traffic such as population growth, replacement of personal car usage with ridesharing services and deadheading.

Further, many studies fail to account for spatial variations in travel patterns. For instance, research has indicated that lower income passengers are more likely to share rides – possibly because they must make multiple journeys to work daily.

Studies have also demonstrated that people who prioritize their time more heavily tend to use ride-sharing services. Therefore, when assessing the effect of ride-sharing services on urban mobility and traffic congestion it is crucial to take these factors into account in order to identify effective policy solutions which mitigate its negative consequences for traffic congestion reduction.


Research on ridesharing largely focuses on its negative externalities, such as congestion. But this type of investigation must also account for multiple factors and take spatial differences into consideration.

A large city may experience TNC monopoly due to the speed with which one company gains market share and makes entry difficult for new competitors, potentially shifting rides from shared trips towards nonshared ones.

TNCs may also eliminate the need for trips in personal vehicles to search for parking spots, thus decreasing VMT. Although this aspect of ride-hailing has yet to receive significant consideration in literature, more should be made of this aspect as it could provide more accurate conclusions regarding its effects on urban mobility and traffic sustainability, while further helping us understand its complementarity with public transit systems as well as its role in decreasing vehicle ownership.

Car Safety and Security Features

Vehicle security features once consisted of fastening your seatbelt and checking the St. Christopher medal on your rearview mirror before hoping for the best. But now vehicles come equipped with cutting-edge technologies designed to prevent accidents and injuries.

Blind spot detection systems help ensure you make safe lane changes by giving you visual or audible warning when another vehicle enters your blind spot.

Safety Locks

Cars traditionally feature a simple locking system to prevent them from starting without an active driver present, providing some protection from theft but easily breached by thieves.

Child safety locks prevent rear seat passengers from opening doors during transit and while stopped, by blocking interior door handles. Most locks require a code to disable.

Driver Attention Monitors are devices designed to track eye movement and head position to detect when you become distracted while providing visual or audible warnings when necessary. Furthermore, these monitors connect into advanced driver aids such as ACC and Lane Keeping Assist systems for further assistance.

Crumple Zones

A crumple zone is a key component of modern cars, designed to minimize car accidents and injuries by absorbing impact force. Today’s crumple zones consist of a rigid high-tensile steel cabin for passenger protection as well as an accordion-like structure that collapses upon collision.

Force of impact is dispersed over a longer duration and reduced before reaching passengers, like how a soda can crumples. This prevents sudden decelerations of vehicle and reduces excess force on passengers.


Seat belts connect your body mass to that of the car, so when it accelerates or decelerates, so do you. They offer protection by spreading out force over strong parts of the body rather than in one concentrated impact point.

Modern safety belts incorporate devices like web clamps to maintain tight webbing, force limiters to reduce chest injuries, crash tensioners that quickly retract during frontal crashes to take up any slack in the belt, and crash tensioners which position occupants for optimal use of an airbag deployment.

Drivers who use their seat belts are 30 times less likely to be ejected during a crash and GEICO offers great discounts for safe drivers.


Airbags are gas-filled cushions designed to cushion drivers and passengers during a collision, deployed quickly thanks to crash sensors and Newton’s second law of motion (F=ma).

Front airbags have become standard equipment in passenger cars since 1998 and are also common on light trucks and SUVs. Some airbags even include additional safety features like weight sensors to detect children or unbelted adults in the front seat.

Airbags are considered supplemental restraint systems and work best in tandem with seat belts. Their “hidden” compartment contains chemical propellants and initiator devices which activate when sensors sense a collision; rapidly filling with nitrogen gas within milliseconds of being activated, the airbag rapidly inflates.

Anti-lock Braking System

ABS helps keep your wheels from locking up during hard stops by monitoring wheel speed using sensors, then automatically pumping brakes up to 20 times per second.

On certain road surfaces such as gravel or deep snow, ABS may increase braking distances as locked-up wheels dig into and slow your car. However, it still maintains your ability to steer the vehicle.

ABS makes your vehicle safer, but complicates accident investigations as its skid marks tend to be temporary and nondescriptive. Until techniques have been developed to make them more visible, it’s wise not to rely on them alone when trying to establish cause of accidents.

Electronic Stability Control

ESC is one of the few car safety systems that works to both prevent and mitigate crashes rather than only protecting after they have taken place, like airbags or antilock brakes do. It does this by decreasing vehicle slipperiness when encountering poor road conditions like icy roadways or when taking curves too rapidly.

As part of its function, it uses several sensors that constantly measure your steering angle and rotational speed. If a computer detects that your steering angle doesn’t correspond with where you are traveling, it may brake one or more wheels or reduce engine power in order to help you remain in control of your car.

The Exciting World of Motorsports

Motorsports events draw large crowds and provide attendees with food and drinks of various varieties, plus musical performances by established names in the music industry.

Motorsports come in many forms, from F1 racing to WRC competition. Whatever its form may be, these events offer high speeds, adrenaline rushes and pure excitement!

1. Speed

Cars can quickly reach top speed after leaving the starting line, thanks to powerful engines, aerodynamics and traction control designed specifically for speed.

Rally racing takes place on closed off public and private roads using modified production cars or purpose-built road legal cars modified with modifications that meet road legal standards. Races do not follow a circuit; rather they involve participants driving between set control points (special stages).

Rally events involve numerous routes which are run numerous times throughout the weekend to create “legs”. Each leg can feature different surfaces such as loose ball bearing gravel, asphalt, and snow, often racing against time against a clock.

2. Adrenaline

Though many are familiar with Formula 1, not many know much about rallying; in fact, American audiences were first exposed to it just recently on television.

Rallying (also referred to as stage racing) is a type of motorsport which takes place on closed public or private roads using specially built road legal cars. Rallies differ from circuit races in that timed points must be completed within a set amount of time before racing resumes again.

Stressful situations trigger our bodies to produce adrenaline, helping us respond more effectively. This includes increasing heart rate, increasing brain blood flow, dilation of pupils to let in more light, reduction of pain sensitivity, improving vision and hearing, as well as raising blood sugar levels to provide energy to the body.

3. Competition

F1 racing keeps motorsport fans worldwide glued to their seats, but rally is more of a team sport; drivers and co-drivers collaborate together in racing through special stages and liaison stages.

Rallying takes place on public roads that are closed off for the event using modified production cars or custom-built street-legal vehicles modified specifically for rallying. The aim is to visit as many checkpoints in different environments (forests, deserts, snowscapes) as quickly as possible while adhering to road traffic regulations and remaining safe while doing so.

To win a rally, participants must arrive at each control point within the least amount of time possible. To achieve this feat, it is imperative that crew members follow all instructions provided by officials via “tulip notes”, which provide step-by-step directions based on distance, landmarks or any other important clues.

4. Technology

Motorsports is more than a spectator sport involving loud engines; the racing environment provides a prime environment to test cutting-edge tech solutions that could make our world better.

Formula 1 tech like hybrid power units can help reduce carbon emissions by using less petrol, while Qualcomm has taken inspiration from Formula 1 to develop smartphones with reliable connections and faster download/upload speeds.

Rallying is a unique form of motorsport that uses road legal vehicles on public roads in closed competition. Each event is divided into stages where competitors race against time against various routes such as dirt, gravel, tarmac snow or even mud. Drivers use route books known as “stage notes” to guide them during each race.

5. Spectacle

Modernly, spectacle is often misunderstood as public entertainment that may serve to divert the population away from more urgent social and political matters. But spectacle has much wider connotations.

“Spectacle” can also refer to anything that captivates audiences or draws their gaze, from ballet performances and circus acts, to bicycle stunt shows with spectacular feats acrobatic displays, even bicycle acrobatic displays can qualify as spectacles.

Debord differentiates between the focused spectacle of totalitarian or “Stalinist” regimes and modern capitalism’s more diffuse spectacle, which seeks to placate masses through increased consumer choice and reduce individual subjectivity in favor of creating a collective commercial consciousness.

1 2 3 4 6